1066 Budapest, Teréz krt. 24. Hungary
Dr. Peter Edvi
Education and training of equine assisted therapy (EAT) professionals: • Developing norms, rules, adaption of international standards; • Establishing international relations; • Inviting foreign patients, guests, lecturers, teachers to Hungary; • Organizing trainings and conferences, editing and publishing curriculums and publications; • Improving working conditions of professionals and institutions, as well as the professional reputation of EAT therapists; • Establishing and supporting educational centres for EAT; • Promoting of all horse riding related sports through the assistance of the Federation; • Organizing competition system for disabled riders, establishing the conditions for Para Equestrian Sport.
All 3 parts of EAT are recommended by medical doctors (neurologists). • Hippotherapy Hippotherapy is a neurophysiology based physiotherapic treatment, recommended by a physician. Mainly used in health care or in special education as a supplementary customized therapy method, used by physiotherapists, somato-pedagogues (special education teachers) to improve and correct the posture and movement functions. Hippotherapy treatment is conducted with active and passive participation of the disabled and utilises therapeutic exercises. The therapist leads a horse with therapy girth (surcingle) on a long rein from behind. Clinical pictures in HT - Neurological, orthopedical problems; - CP= cerebral palsy; - MCD= minumal cerebral dysfunction; - Problem with sensory integration, - Problem with movement coordination; - Problem with balance and head /trunk control. • Special education riding and vaulting (remedial riding and vaulting) Special education riding and vaulting is a one-by-one or group therapy treatment which triggers complex development and educational effects using horses, riding and horse care. Its areas are: solo riding; riding on a lead or on lunge rein; vaulting exercises combined with horse care: grooming, tacking the horse. During these activities, the focus is mostly on cognitive functions (perception, cognition, attention, memory, thinking), communication, development of motoric and orientation skills, attitudes and behaviour, to regulate and influence emotions and temper, as well as to promote complex personality development. Special education riding and vaulting (remedial riding and vaulting) is used by special education teachers. Clinical pictures in RRV - Mental retardation; - Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD); - Attention-Deficit Hiperactive Disorder (ADHD); - Visual impairment including blindness; - Hearing impairment; - Mild behaviour problems. • The equine assisted psychotherapy Equine assisted psychotherapy is suitable for the treatment of most psychiatric disorders, thus can be successfully used to remedy affective and depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, personality and behaviour disorders, and to treat addiction related problems. It is also a successfully applied form of therapy in schizophrenic treatment with the exception of acute psychotic phases. As far as child psychopathology is concerned, equine assisted psychotherapy is very useful for the treatment of depressive and anxiety disorders, behaviour disorders, autism spectrum disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, as well as for children with attachment disorder. The therapist (psychologist/ psychotherapists) uses the rider’s experiences gathered during riding. A horse is a spotless mirror image of its caretaker, and perfectly reflects the rider’s state of mind, and as such, immediately responds to the rider’s finest vibrations. This 'mirror' provided by the horse can be well used in the therapeutic process to explore all potential issues, to help individual come to terms with their situations, and in addition, to confirm any changes that occurred as a result of the therapy. Objectives: The therapy aims to develop the following personality traits: self-esteem, personal confidence, communication, interpersonal effectiveness, trust, boundaries and limit-setting, and group cohesion, harmony and quiet, acceptance, controlling emotions, feeling the control of own life, taking an optimal risk, concentration, tolerance, empathy, responsibility motivation Medical conditions - behavioural problems: aggression - mental health disorders, including anxiety, anger, depression and suicidal ideations, withdrawal, low self-esteem - Elective mutism - Communicational problems - Jitter, Tourett syndrome - Affection problems - Eating disorders - Depression - Distress • Recreational riding and (para) equestrian sport for the disabled Para sports are not strictly considered to be means of therapeutic riding, however, I still wish to mention them here because patients who have received treatment can later join sports activities. Para equestrian activities entail all horse and riding related activities which aim to improve health conditions of a disabled individual. These sports utilise horses and take advantage of their exceptional ability to harmonise with their riders. Para sports activities can be grouped as follows: a) Recreation and free time activities The goal is to spend the available leisure time in the most useful manner, and simultaneously, to improve the patient’s condition by utilising specially trained equestrian professionals, riding instructors and trainers. Therapeutic activities can be conducted at the following venues: therapeutic centres, institutions for the disabled, NGOs, sports clubs, associations, horse riding schools. b) Professional sports The objective is to achieve national and international racing level in categories stipulated by injury and disability specific international rules (IPC International Paralympic Committee and the Special Olympics SO). To facilitate this, this method employs specially trained riding instructors, trainers and coaches. A wide variety of tools are used to reach the goals set, such as national associations for the disabled, NGOs, therapy centres, riding clubs and stables, to mention but a few. - Summer EAT camps for disabled children - Organising international and national EAT conferences
Training and education programs
All Hungarian training courses are official, and are approved by the Hungarian Government. 1. Hippotherapist - Education for physiotherapists and somato-pedagogics 2. EAT therapist in remedial riding and vaulting – Education for special education teachers 3. EA psychotherapist- Education for psychologists and psychotherapists 4. Education for riding teachers, instructors, trainers in the field of Recreational riding and (para) equestrian sport 5. Training course for volunteers
Language courses are given in