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L. Thomas
2011
Mental Health
The Equine Assisted Growth and Learning Association (EAGALA), established twelve years ago has a unique approach to equine assisted psychotherapy...
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The Equine Assisted Growth and Learning Association (EAGALA), established twelve years ago has a unique approach to equine assisted psychotherapy and learning which is based firmly on sound professional principles in horsemanship, psychotherapy and pedagogy. This paper outlines the development and basis of the EAGALA model, and also provides practical examples of its application in practice.
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A. Selby
2011
Mental Health
Equine-facilitated psychotherapy is explored in a historical context to enhance understanding of the treatment approach and as a basis...
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Equine-facilitated psychotherapy is explored in a historical context to enhance understanding of the treatment approach and as a basis for the continued construction of a theoretical framework. An overview of the European and North American history of horsemanship as therapy is presented, and the preeminent professional organizations are identified. Hippotherapy, therapeutic horsemanship, therapeutic riding, and other activities with horses are described as they relate to therapeutic techniques involving equines in the mental health setting. The importance of standardized terminology is emphasized to ensure proper usage, and to promote comprehension and agreement across settings. Some relevant theoretical constructs are suggested, which include animal-assisted therapy, biophilia, myth and metaphor, as well as theories of attachment, neurodevelopment, the therapeutic relationship and exercise; they are identified as important foundational elements of the evolving theoretical underpinnings of this unique form of treatment.
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C. Zouza
2011
Equine Studies
Research in hippology lacks a fixed location within North American academia. Crossing the boundaries of science and art, hippology has...
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Research in hippology lacks a fixed location within North American academia. Crossing the boundaries of science and art, hippology has entered the discourses of archeologists, classical historians, art historians, cognition scientists, physical and psychotherapists. This paper locates the intersections of hippology and anthropology by analyzing studies ranging from early domestication to hippotherapy and proposes horse-human ecology as a dynamic field of inquiry for anthropological research.
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B. Duff
2010
Equine Studies
This paper describes a small scale preliminary study undertaken to collect structured data which would be used to determine the...
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This paper describes a small scale preliminary study undertaken to collect structured data which would be used to determine the next steps in researching the impact of horses on humans in terms of learning and wellbeing. The study did indeed show that horses had a positive impact on both learning and wellbeing across a range of age, gender, personality types and employment levels. As a result further, more detailed studies are planned.
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H. Muller
2010
Equine Studies
Since the Second World War, the leisure sector/recreational market has grown substantially as a result of the socio‐economic...
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Since the Second World War, the leisure sector/recreational market has grown substantially as a result of the socio‐economic development in Europe. Today, the size of the horse sector is significant, with an annual economic impact in Europe estimated at over 100 billion Euros. The social impact of horses on the health, education, leisure, environment and youth areas is described. Increasing the social impact requires close cross‐sectoral cooperation of all stakeholders within the equine field. Enhancing such cooperation is one of the purposes of the European Horse Network (EHN).
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L. Shambo
2010
Mental Health
Equine Facilitated Psychotherapy (EFP) has gained increasing attention over the last decade and evidence of efficacy is needed to substantiate...
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Equine Facilitated Psychotherapy (EFP) has gained increasing attention over the last decade and evidence of efficacy is needed to substantiate this rapidly growing field of practice. The authors aimed to measure specific changes and durability of change for adult women with PTSD and Borderline Personality Disorder who were victims of traumatic interpersonal violence, when treated with EFP. Complex PTSD was used as an operation concept to allow for cross diagnosis similarities with possible relation to traumatic history. EFP was combined with psychoeducation in a group treatment. Six women participated in the brief (10 weekly sessions) therapy group. Selected participants were symptomatic and in distress, in spite of current treatment, and experienced symptoms severe enough to impair social and/or occupational functioning. Measures were chosen to capture major intractable symptoms including depression, anxiety and dissociation; an additional measure for treatment efficacy included functioning in major life domains. Measures were taken at four points: pre, mid, post, and 4 months post treatment. Measures showed significant positive changes in depression, dissociative symptoms, and treatment effectiveness overall. The change effect continued post treatment as participants’ scores showed even more improvement in a four month follow up.
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M. Thelle
2010
Mental Health
Modum Bad Clinic and Resource Centre, Norway, has a 12week intensive inpatient program for severe and repeated childhood sexually abused...
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Modum Bad Clinic and Resource Centre, Norway, has a 12week intensive inpatient program for severe and repeated childhood sexually abused victims (CSA), aged 20 years plus who are diagnosed to be currently suffering from Complex Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (CPTSD) and/or Complex Dissociative Disorders (CDDNOS/DID). The clinic has included in its exit formalities patients’ evaluations of the overall psychotherapy program undertaken, including the work with horses. A pilot study based on patients’ responses has been conducted.
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H. Keino
2010
Learning and Psychoeducation
We examined the validity of our 10‐item Human‐Equids‐Interaction on Mental activity (HEIM) scale for evaluating the effect...
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We examined the validity of our 10‐item Human‐Equids‐Interaction on Mental activity (HEIM) scale for evaluating the effect of psycho‐educational horseback riding (PEHR) programs in children with pervasive developmental disorders (PDDs). A total of 18 children participated in this program for up to 103 months and significant improvements in behavioral problems were detected (as determined by total HEIM scores) after exposure to the PEHR program, but the degree of improvement varied among specific items within the HEIM scale. In general, the length of program participation corresponded with score improvements. Arising from difficulties identified, in accurately measuring imitation and verbal communication, a revision of two HEIM scale items is proposed to improve measurement sensitivity.
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M. Rukhadze, T. Nareklishvili. K. Moistsrapishvili
2010
Hippotherapy
Biomechanical research of the hip joint is a method for testing the integral function of the joint. To assess hip...
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Biomechanical research of the hip joint is a method for testing the integral function of the joint. To assess hip joint movement amplitude and character, we developed a biomechanical research method to assess healthy people and patients with I and II degree hip joint arthrosis while riding a horse at different paces. The study found that the curve obtained in patients at trot differed significantly from that of healthy people. A difference in the angle magnitude and amplitude range of hip joint movement and in biomechanical curve height and width was also found. Inclusion of biomechanical curve as a criterion for hip joint function assessment is therefore proposed.
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C‐W Fan, C. Smith, G. Kielhofner, R. Taylor
2010
Hippotherapy
This article describes the findings from a research study looking at the motivational pathways of children with autism while participating...
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This article describes the findings from a research study looking at the motivational pathways of children with autism while participating in a 16‐week hippotherapy intervention. The Pediatric Volitional Questionnaire (PVQ) was used to document quantitative data for the changes in motivation that each child experienced, and videotaping was used for qualitative information. The study found that the motivation of children with autism will take highly individual pathways over time, and will be dependent on environmental factors.
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