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A. Webster, Dr. D. Aldridge, Dr. J. Reissenweber, Dr. W. Rimpau, J. Fachner, M. Pfotenhauer, Prof. Dr. E. David, U. Leyerer
1994
Hippotherapy
Electromyograms of disturbed muscle groups and acceleration measured near to the centre of gravity of the human body were recorded...
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Electromyograms of disturbed muscle groups and acceleration measured near to the centre of gravity of the human body were recorded from 10 healthy people and 9 patients suffering from multiple sclerosis. Recordings were token during locomotion before riding, while on the horse and one hour after hippotherapy. Special software was developed for the evaluation, and graphing, of the effects of therapy on the rhythm and regulority of gait, and on co-ordination porameters in the registered signals. Several calculated porameters were tested statistically (SPSSj.Variability of step phases during gait and co-octivation factors of musclegroups were found to be good parameters for evaluating the effects of hippotherapy on spasticity and ataxia. The resultsshow that it is obviously not possible to get uniform outcomes valid for all patients. An important reason for the lock of unity in the outcome results is the variance in the paftern of symptoms as presented by patients. Looking at single cases, we found positive effects of hippotherapy subject to individual symptoms in 6 of 9 cases. These effects occurred with short latency after therapy sessions. Single cases will be discussed in this paper.
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A. Veictenias, G. Melorio & P. Sarchi
1994
Therapeutic Riding
During a typical therapeutic horse riding (THRIsessionwe have observed (1-21that heart rate (HR) increases to quite different levels in...
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During a typical therapeutic horse riding (THRIsessionwe have observed (1-21that heart rate (HR) increases to quite different levels in the different patients. In fact we have found that severe mentally disabled subiects show only a minor increase of HR (on the overage up to about 20 b/min above resting values), while in motor impaired subjects, without severe mental deficiency, the increose is much higher Ion the overage up to about 35 b/min above resting), with occasional peaks up to a HR of 160-170 b/min. The increase in HR is due in part to the enhanced energy requirement of riding and, in port, presumably, to psychological factors. We have also suggested (1-2) that when the THR sessions are performed for 45-60 minutes, at least two or three times a week, a training effect on the cardiorespiratory and muscular systemsmight be hypothesised. Even if HR 'per se' can be assumed as a reliable index of the cardiovascular stressond of the energy requirement of the subject particularly during isotonic exercise (3), during THR this might not be true. In fact many confounding factors such as isometric exercise, increased muscular tone, unexpected psychological reactions to riding might dissociate HR to the energy requirement. With these in mind, and on the basis of the fact that we were not able to find any work in the literature on the energetics of THR, the present study was aimed to evaluate the energy requirement of a typical THR session in patients of different severity, thus separating the role played by emotional, in respect to metabolic factors increasing the HR. This evaluation, moreover, has a twofold practical purpose, i.e. to analyse if the intensity of a THR session is severe enough
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E. Baker
1994
Therapeutic Riding
It is my privilege to shore with you one outcome of the work of the Medical Committee of the North...
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It is my privilege to shore with you one outcome of the work of the Medical Committee of the North American Riding for the Handicapped Association: a descriptive list of precautions and contra indications to therapeutic riding. Since 1986, the Medical Committee has acted in an advisory and service capacity to NARHA. It has in porticular addressed questions on precautions and contra indications in therapeutic riding - that is, who should ride, how should she or he ride, what background information should be obtained, what documentation should be required of the riding centre, and others. The eorly membership of this committee consisted of physical therapists, occupational therapists, and therapeutic riding instructors. And, from 1986 to present day, many questions ore posed to the Medical Committee by the NARHA membership, and many tasks assigned to it by the NARHA Boord of Directors.
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O. Brown and J.M.Tebay
1994
Education and Training
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"We are very grateful to Jean Tebay together with Octavia Brown for preparing the third edition of the ROt Directory of Education and Training in regard to Therapeutic Riding in its three different branches: Sport for the disabled, Psycho-educational riding and vaulting, and Hippotherapy. The questionnaires brought more replies this year than previously The main orientation in education and training is Sports. Psycho-educational riding and vaulting is a second maior orientation; Hippotherapy; while third, is growing rapidly Additional training is given in Driving, Psychomotricity and Horse Training I have been asked about the trends that t see for future development in training. I have the impression that countries are completing their training programmes in all three disciplines, and if necessary adding basic training for instructors and horses. There seems to be another trend regarding the sub-specialities. For example, working with the horse for the motor development of very young children, or for psychotherapy and psychiatric rehabilitation of adults. These will be based on thorough training in one of the three branches, then amplified in special courses during the basic professional training of the therapists. The exchange of experiences in methods ond troining os initiated by the Federation ROt has been a really worthwhile stimulus and the awareness of conditions for quality and safety are spreading"
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B. Nolt, J. Spink & J.M. Tebay, O. Brown
1994
Education and Training
There has been so much development since the early days twenty years ago. Then, many of us called what we...
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There has been so much development since the early days twenty years ago. Then, many of us called what we did Riding far the Handicapped; offering horseback riding as an adapted sport and recreation for individuals with a wide variety of disabling conditions. We went on to become more sophisticated, recognising that what we did had therapeutic benefits; and in some European countries research was conducted to prove the therapeutic benefits of using the horse.
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Uncategorized
The main focus of this article is motor problems in patients with ADHD in two core areas: (i) inhibition problems...
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The main focus of this article is motor problems in patients with ADHD in two core areas: (i) inhibition problems which affect fine and gross motor adjustment and regulation of power and flow of movement; and (ii) problems with proximal stabilization of the trunk that leads to compensative activity and high muscular tone in key movement muscles to maintain alignment (Stray, 2009). Identifying how these specific motor problems may affect riding leads to the question of finding an appropriate practical approach that is helpful for the patient. The case presented here is an example of how to use the concept of Balance and Movement, originated by Susanne von Dietze, in therapeutic riding practice for patients with ADHD. It was presented in April 2012 at the IVX International Congress of Therapeutic Riding in Athens and in August 2012 as a case study for the D-course “Balance and Movement: Further Education for Physiotherapists” in Gothenburg, Sweden.
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Therapeutic Riding
Therapeutic Riding can be a motivating movement activity for adults with learning difficulties. From this background I did several interviews...
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Therapeutic Riding can be a motivating movement activity for adults with learning difficulties. From this background I did several interviews, in which I talked to adults with learning difficulties. The main objective of my study was the active inclusion of the target group into the process of research. It was important to me to not only talk about, but also with adults with learning difficulties. Over the period from February to March 2008 I did 31 interviews with adults with learning difficulties between the ages of 20 and 70 years. All those user interviews were done in the “Centre for Therapeutic Riding” in Lünen (near Dortmund/Germany).
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Uncategorized
This study sought to determine the effects of therapeutic horseback riding on the balance of eight individuals with mental retardation...
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This study sought to determine the effects of therapeutic horseback riding on the balance of eight individuals with mental retardation The subjects were initially tested on four standing balance items and six quadruped balance items. Next, 6 months passed with no intervention. The intention of this time lapse was to use the subjects as their own control. After this delay, the subjects were tested again using the some procedure as in the initial testing. They were then involved in a 6-month therapeutic riding program designed to providevestibularstimulationinavarietyofways,withthehorse'smovement05abase. A third identical testing session occurred at the end of the therapeutic riding programme. The results of the study showed that significant improvement was seen on standing and quadruped balance after the therapeutic riding program. It is concluded that if programming goals for individuals with mental retardation include impraved balance, then therapeutic riding may be beneficial to those goals.
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